From ancient Greece and India to Elizabeth England, people have their lips darkened, painted and adorned with dyes, pigments, plant roots, pencils and rouges. Lip colors and lipstick remain popular to this day because previously they pointed to sexual arousal.
The history of modern lipstick begins in the 19th century. Before then, men and women discretely took up cosmetics at home, although they were seen as signs of effeminate in men and debauchery in women. Actors and actresses could get away having make-up on - and only while on stage. It was not until the 1880s that certain actresses, such as Sarah Bernhardt, began to wear make-up in public.
At this moment the lipstick was not yet in a tube. Carmine dye, an extract of crushed insects, was applied to the lips with a brush. Despite the strange origin, carmine dye was not practical for the average woman and it was expensive.
The look was also very theatrical and unnatural, especially according to 19th-century standards. This made the lipstick even more shocking.
In the early 1900s, a synthetic type of carmine was inserted into the base of oil combined with wax. When these were blended together, a colored lip ointment that looked more natural than carmine-like dye was discovered. This ointment looked more natural and thus became more respectable.
Around 1915 lipstick was beginning to be sold in metal containers, with a variety of push-up tubes. The first swivel tube was patented in 1923, in Nashville, Tennessee. With this packaging, manufacturers could package to sell and create stylish and enticing packages for consumer goods. In the twenties and thirties of the last century, hundreds of lipstick tubes were patented in the United States, all with the same basic function: the holder turned, turned or pushed a lipstick tube out of a hollow cylinder.
During the Second World War, metal lipstick cases were replaced with plastic and then with paper. Lipstick, however, was still manufactured, both in America and in Europe; it was believed that make-up was psychologically important for women. In America, brand rivalry stopped and companies focused on making cheap lipsticks for female employees.
For a large part of the 1950s and 60s, films drove the craze through the use of lipstick. Many women imitated Elizabeth Taylor's Cleopatra look, as did Marilyn Monroe's distinctive red lipstick with platinum blonde hair.
In 1973 the company Bonne Bell created the lip-smacker, a colorless lip gloss with a strong, usually fruity, flavor. The shine was a big hit with teenage girls; the company later made lip gloss in flavors such as "rock candy" and "Dr. Pepper", making their involvement in the set under 30 steeper.
Further advances in technology led to further and more hyperbolic claims.No gloss, lipstick, stain or other top lip layer are completely 'kiss proof' (besides a tattoo." The history of lipstick shows escalated promises, as always, even to the present time. The history of lipstick is still written; we invite you to stay for the next chapter.